Goats are important animals for they provide meat and milk to man and are easy to maintain. Goat farming is increasingly becoming popular worldwide and the number of goat farmers is growing rapidly because of the high profitability and the low maintenance and operation costs. If you are interested in livestock rearing, goat farming is worth a try.
However there are basics you must consider or know before you start a goat farm. The most important consideration you must first make is location. Common goats generally survive in warm areas that are well drained. Apart from temperature, space is necessary. Goats live in groups, so individual pens are not effective. A large field is needed if you want your animals to roam freely. Freely roaming goats usually have better resistance to sickness and infection. The best locations for a goat farm are those that are far from towns because urban pollution is dangerous to animal health. Goats are known to eat a lot of grass on a daily basis. So make sure their food source is highly accessible and not too far from the rearing area.
The type of goat breed is the next important thing to consider when you start keeping goats. Depending on your purpose, there are breeds that produce more milk while there are also those that grow quickly. You can farm both types of breeds and you’ll be harvesting both meat and milk. Different breeds also require different levels of care. Make your research and consult an expert so he can help you decide what will be best for your farm.
Access to a veterinarian is another important thing to consider. When starting a goat farm, you expect many of your animals to contract diseases. A veterinarian can help you in disease control and management to avoid losses. Vets can also help you diagnose diseases or recommend to you vitamins and supplements to keep your animals in good health especially during stressful situations such as weaning.
Rearing goats can be a very profitable business when handled properly. Worldwide, farmers are adding goats to the list of animals they rear because goats are easy to tend, quick to reproduce and stock flow is fast.
But there are pitfalls that can lead to the bankruptcy of a goat farm, which you should avoid. And here is how.
First, you must keep your goats healthy and strong. Build a big barn because goats live in groups. They must also be allowed to roam, run around and have fun. If the goats are bred well, they become rarely sick and they usually produce better milk and meat. Keeping them healthy by making them happy is not a hard task. Goats are very picky with food. They don’t eat dried or soiled grass. Make sure you have enough clean, fresh grass for them so they don’t go hungry.
Another way to improve their health is by giving supplements or vitamins. Consult a veterinarian about what supplements you should apply. During the hot or dry months, salt and mineral supplements can be given together with a lot of water. On the other hand, vitamins A, C and zinc will keep them away from colds during the rainy days. Keeping your animals healthy and secured saves you from possible losses due to mass deaths and contagious diseases that can hit your farm at any time.
With a well designed barn or shed and good management, you are sure to reap all the profit you want from goat farming.
List of Goat Farming Basics
you take on your first couple of goats, make sure that you have the right equipment and facilities that you need to be able to take good care of them.
Enough grazing ground is essential. One to two acres of pasture is recommended to graze a goat. The more goats you plan on getting, the bigger space you need. You need this to be able to feed your goats properly and to give them enough space to move about. In most parts of Uganda, livestock pasture grows naturally on the farm and in the wilderness because of the favourable climate. But farmers can also feed their goats on hay as well as alfalfa supplements.
You also need to make sure that your goats have access to fresh drinking water. You may use a bucket if you do not have a drinking feeder. Just make sure to refill and to clean the bucket every day. You may also have an automatic water station installed in your barn. This way, you will ensure your goats have water to drink and the water they’re getting is clean and fresh.
Decide what kind of housing you can build for your goats depending on your budget and preferences. A barn will be most beneficial because it will provide your goats with the proper protection that they need. You need to build sturdy fencing around your grazing ground to protect your goats from predators. Make sure it is high enough to keep the goats inside. Farmers recommend fences to be at least four feet high, made from woven wire, and supported by poles placed at least 12 inches apart.
With these requirements in place, goat rearing will surely be enjoyable experience. Just make sure you have your goats checked by a vet regularly to prevent them from catching any disease.